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Lake Champlain, Lake George, and Richelieu River
HISTORY TIMELINE
By James P. Millard

Part IV (b)- war  in the northern department
The British Campaign of 1777 (Burgoyne) 
January 1777- June 1777 

Events at Ticonderoga and Mt. Independence
the journals of col. jeduthan baldwin, Lieut. James Hadden, and Lieut. William digby

Spelling and punctuation in quotes are as found in the original. Black text with underlines indicates a hyperlink.

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1777

Col. Jeduthan Baldwin continues the work at Mt. Independence

February 24, 1777
"set out at 8 o clock. Crossed 2 Very bad cracks before we got of. Foxes on ye Island. then I walked to ye Narrows with one Frost & Majr. Stevens, where we sounded the depth of the water, 7 fathoms in one place &c. and the width of the Chanel is 280 yards between ye two Islands, then rode to Sabath day point where we made a good fire, fed our horses & Eat some Vituals & then rode of in a Very great Snowstorm, wind at N. W. got to Ti about 5 o clock." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
February
25

"
went over to Mount Independance, Dind & Supt with Col. Waine." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
February
26

"
Visited the workmen. Rode with Col. Waine to Mount Independance & round to his house. Dind & afternoon Col. Waine, Col. Vark rode with me to the landing. Drank wine &c. Requested of Col. Wain that men might be ordered to Saw bords with Whipsaws & that a large party might be ordered to Cut Timber for the great Bridge &c."-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
February
27

"
 went to mount Independance the forenoon, ordered the wicker gates to be hung and the Gates Barred by a Letter from Genl. Schuyler says that a war with France is the cause of the English requesting peace of the Americans. Col. Waine, Col. Varck & Col. Barber Drank Wine & Supt. with me. Majr. Stevens Dind. with me."-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
February
28

"
began to hall Logs for the Bridge."-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

March 1, 1777

"
began to build the Great Bridge, from Ticonderaga to Independant point. at work at the Bridge."-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

March 3

"
at the bridge, Rode with Col. Waiyn to ye Mills. Rode with Col. Wayne up the Creek." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

March 5/6/7
"at the bridge/at ye bridge/ye bridge"
-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

March 8
"
Smiths came up, a fine Day at ye Bridge. Supt with Col. Wayne, 3 french Engineers Came."-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

March 9
"
Sunk 10 Cassoons & put down many of the posts. Col. Wayne, Mr. Adams & Lady, Dr. Me Crey & Mrs Peters Dind with us." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

March 10
"
geting down the Cassoons, the Ice began to fail." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

March 11
"workt at ye Bridge, rode up East Creek." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
12

"
Drawd. Plans for Hospital" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
13

"
began to cut timber for Hospitals, the Sleymen went off work." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
14

"The Ice very Roten, left working at the bridge, went over ye Mount."
-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
15

"the 3 French Engineers went off."
-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
16

"
Rode over to Mount Hope & thro the woods & over the Hills West.  Drank Tea at Mr. Adams with Col. Wayne, Majr. & Mrs Hays, Dr. McCray. Began the Plan of the Fort on Mount Independance." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March 17
"
Drawing plan. Raised the Roof of the Block house by Head Quarters." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
18

"
went with Majr. Hay to the Mills in Serch of his 100 pounds Lost. Ephriam Potter confind. cuting timber for the hospital, went over to ye Mount." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
19

"Recd. a Letter from Genl. Schuyler & wrote an answer to him."
-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
20

"
Capt. Low came in with 28 Carpenters" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
21

"
puting ye foot Bridge in order across ye Lake." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
22

"
Rode out to ye Mills & to Mr Adams. at Evening he came in after being four Days with the Enemy, he with 2 others were going to Sabath day point with 13 Horses on ye west side the Lake & were Taken by Capt. McKoy with about 18 Cocknewago Indians, about 3 o clock afternoon five miles North of Sabath day point. soon after he was taken Capt. Baldwin came along with about 25 Men from Ticonderoga going to Fort George on the Ice. the Indians concealed themselves in ye Woods until about 3 o clock at night. Capt. Baldwin with his men passed by to Sabath Day point where they made a fire Ley down & went to sleep, when the Indians attacked them Killed 4 & took 20 which they carried off but Mr. Adams being well acquainted with Capt. McKoy, he pleading that he was only an inhabitant did not belong to the Army obtained Leave to return after marching 30"-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
23

"
Capt. Eaton came in. part of Col. Robison Regt. went of. Capt. Thayer & Esqr. Winslow dind. with me. Sent a post to Albany."-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
24

"
went to mount Independance: by Capt. Peters we heard that 2 men were taken between Fort George & Fort Edward. a post went to Boston."-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

March 25
"Dind. with Col. Wayne. Cold."
-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
26

"
one Peer of the Grt Bridge fell to peices." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
27

"
the Bottom of another Peer fell out." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
28

"
Col. Wayne Dind. with us." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
29

"
so Cold that we could not work at the Bridge. Geting Timber for ye Hospital." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March
30

"
 went out to the Landing with Mrs. Hay, Col. Wayne, Mr. Stone & Majr. Hay & drank Tea with Mr. Adams. Dind. with Col. Wayne.            Pleasant Day." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
March 31
"finished giting timber for 4 Hospitals. a warm Day, wind at South. Ice fails fast.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

April 1, 1777

"at work at ye Bridge, Raisd ye Bake House. wrote to Genl. Schuyler & sent a plan of a proposed fort to be built on mount Independance, went with ye Qr. M. Genl. & laid out a large gardin at ye foot of the Mount. Col. Wayne, Majr. Rian & Dr. McCray,
Capt. McColey & Mrs Adams Dind. with me. a post went of to Phelidelphia.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
3

"a Snowey wet Day Dind. with Majr. Ryon.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

April 4
"Genl. Wayne, Col. Long, Col. Mooney dind with me. a cold Day." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

April 5
"
went to the Saw Mills in the Morning. to Mount Independance afternoon. drank Tea at Col. Longs with Genl. Wayne." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

April 6

"Capt. Whitcom went down the Lake with 10 Men & 3 Carpenters. Capt. Nichols came in. Dind. With a No. of Gentn. & Ladies at Col. Longs warm Day
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

April 7
"
Majr. Stevens came up from Boston. went over to Mount Independance. Lookt out a place to hoist the provisions out of the Lake on to the Mount with a Rope & blocks. dind. with Genl. Wayne." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

April 8
"
at the Bridge & among ye workmen." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

April 9
"dind at Col. Longs, & very warm Day.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
10

"went up East Creek with Genl. Wayne, Col. Long & Majr. Stevens, Mrs Hay &c.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
11

"Mrs. Hays fairwell diner to a No. of Officers.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
12

"got the Boom a cross the Lake. Col. Bassett went off for Willsboro with 96 Men. went up to the Saw Mills with a No of Officers.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
13

"this Day part of Whitcombs Scout returnd, and inform that several parties of ye enemy were out this way yt they were fired upon by 8 Indians one of our men thro his hat ye Indians ran off. sent Battoes down the Lake with 40 Men well armed to reinforce Col. Bassett & Bring off Hay &c. the Enemy frequently have passed from Cumberland head, 4 Brothers & to Gilliland Creek seen by ye Inhabitants. a very Rainey Day. Genl. Wayne, Majr. Stevens, Majr. Ryon, Docr. McCray & Docr. Stewert dind with us.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
14

"Rode to the landing with Mrs. Hay, Genl. Wayne, Col. Long, Majr. Hay & Esqr. Winslow, went to accompany her out of camp going to albany thinking it not safe to stay at this place as the Lake is now open for the Enemy & our Numbers inconsiderable by no means Equal to a body to defend this place. drank Tea Punch & wine at Mr. Adamses & live as gayly as if danger was at a distance.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
15

"went to mount Independance & over to the scotchmans with a No. of Officers.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†


April
16

"Col. Basset Returnd. last evning without as it was Strongly guarded by the enemy.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
17

"went to ye mills with Genl. Wayn & Col. Long. dind. with Genl. Wayne. rainey.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
18

"4 of the Enemys boats 10 mils below Crown point discoverd by the raingers Col. Basset & 100 men went down the Lake well armed. Mrs. Peters went down with her Child.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
19

"4 Indians fired at by the sentry at the Mills last night. at work at the Bridge, Block housen & Laying Platforms. dind. with Majr. Stevens.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
20

"went to the mills & to mount Independance.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
21

"one of the piers of the Bridge turnd. over.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
22

"went over Mount Prospect & down to the mills. Col. Bassett returnd. from Crown point with 20 Tons of Hay & 2 Load faciens & 2 small cannon left by the regulars last year. dind. with Genl. Wain, Genl. Patersons & others. Col. Brewer came in with Col. Carlton.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
23

"Col. Marshal & Col. Francis came in. went in the berge with Genl. Wayne, Genl. Paterson, Col. Long & Majr. Stevens up 8 Miles towards Skeensboro after Veal. dind. at Capt. Levensworths
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April 24
"raisd. the fraim for the Crane on the edge 'of the Mount for hoisting up whatever may be wanted on Independance. Dind. at Col. Longs with all ye Field officers. " -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April 25
"The Field & Genl. officers Dind. at our House. Gen. Wayne orderd to ye Southward. One of Col. Martials men had his hand blown of by his gun bursting. Dr. Johnson came up.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
26

"all the Field officers Dind. at wallises Tavern & Supt. ye Entertainment given.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
27

"Dind. at Genl. Waynes. a Very Rainey D
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
28

"a field Day. Dind. at Genl. Waynes. a scout went down the Lake. went to the Sawmills with the Comp drank Tea Syllebub &c.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
29

"Crosst. the Lake to Fort George with Genl. Wayne & Drs Johnson & Rosse
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
April
30

"Genl. Wayne left Fort George.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 1, 1777

"a Rainey Day, wind at North.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 2

"at Fort George. almost Sick with the cold I got crossing the Lake. I kep at Head Quarters with Col. Van Dyck, Supt. with the Officers & Docrs. at the Hospetals.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 3

"Set of with Dr. Johnson abot 8 o'clock this morning had the wind a head stopt at fox or 14 miles Island & at 18 mile Island, high wind taried untill about Sunset when the wind abated, we set off again & got up to the Landing a little before sunrise. discoverd Indian fires on the mountains below Rogerses Rock, I almost Sick with a cold.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 4
"Returnd. to Ticonderoga, was bled in the arm. Genl. Paterson, Col. Long, Marshal & Francis Dind. with us.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 5
"laid out the ground for the Hospital. field Day. afternoon I was better
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 6
"Gen'l. Burgoyne arrived at Quebec from England, it is remarkable that, that very day twelve-months the Garrison was relieved, and that no Ships ever arrived sooner, the Passage up the River be'g obstructed by the Ice.  Preparations were now made for an Expedition under his Command, against Tyconderoga. Contracts for Horses were made and Carriages purchased, the Batteaux's were put in repair, and the New Ship, called the Royal George was launched and fitted up to carry 24 Guns, 12 P'rs. Some of the Rebel Vessels taken last year, were also put in condition to act offensively and went thro' several alterations."--Lt. James Hadden ‡

"went to the Mills with Genl. Paterson. a Block house ordered to be built near the North mill on the Hill. Capt. Whitcom discovered 16 Indians 4 miles S. W. of the mills" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 7
"a Wet Day. Genl. Paterson, Col. Francis, Docr. Stodard & Capt. Raymond dind. with me.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 8
"a Rainey Day. heard of Indians on ye Lake." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 9

"Laid out & began a Redout between the french lines & ye old fort on high Ground.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 10

"Carpenters left work at ye Bridge & went to driving a frieze round the front of the french lines. a scout went down ye L[ake]
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†
May
11

"began the Redout on ye Hill at ye french lines. 18 Tories brought in.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 12

"Gen. Burgoyne proceeded to Montreal, using every possible exertion to collect and forward the troops and stores to Lake Champlain."**

"Examining the Tories. Dr. Potts, Col. Kosiosko & Col. Wilkinson 140 came in. 2 Tories brot in. " -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 13
"Examining 15 Tories that were taken in Arms near Otter creek below Crown Point; Viz. Simpson, Jenny, Benja Cole, Edward Simmons, John Hart, Saml. Philips, Nathl. Corbin, Aaron Cole Junr., Joseph West, Wm. West, Aaron Cole Senr., David Cole, John John Philips, John Martyn all of and belonging to the New hampshire grants. After a long & cross Examining 6 of them Acknowledged there whole Plot & informd of 12 others that were knowing to & advising them to go to St. Johns to Join the Regular Army. Dr. Potts & Col. Kosiosko Lodg with us. Dind. at Genl. Patersons. went to ye Mills."
-- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 14
"Viewd. the Lines. at work on ye Redouus. a fine Day. we heard that the Naval Store & Provision Magazine at St. Johns were lately burnt, if this be true we shall not soon be attack. Heaven fights for us to prevent our distruction. Genl. Paterson with a No. of Gentn. Dind. with me.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 15
"
went round the lines with Lt. Col. Kosiosko. Col. Hay went to skeensboro." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 16
"
wrote to genl. Gates & Col. Stewart. Genl. Paterson, Cols. Francis, Wilkins, Kosiosko & Majr. Hull Supt. with me. Dind with Majr. Stevens, was round the works, Col. Bellows came in with the malitia. drawing plans of ye Hospital & the works at Fort George & Sent them down to Genl. Gates. Rainey Day." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 17
"
went round to the works on this side and on Mount Independance Dind. with Dr. Potts. a Showry Day" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 18
"
this morning Capt. Stone brought in 2 prisoners both belonging to the New hampshire grants, one of them late from Canada & confirms the Acct. of ye Genl. House & a Store being burnt & that the enemy are building one 20 gun Ship at St. Johns. Col. Hay came home." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 19
"
Raisd. the flagstaff on Mount Independance." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 20
"
Genl. Poor Came in with 600 Men." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 21
"went round the work with Genl. Poor.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 22
"
a large fatigue party at the French lines.   Dind. with Doer. Potts & ye Genls." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 23
"
at the works on the french lines & at Mt Independance. Genl. Paterson & Col. Kosiosko went to Skeensboro. Majr Ayres came in." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 24
"
Majr. Ayres & Capt. Wilcott Joind. my works as Assistant Engineers. Genl. Poor Rode with me to ye Mills. Coll. Marshall, Dr. Stodard & Majr. Ayer dind. with me. a fine pleasant Day." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 25
"
the boom & Bridge in a heavey gale of wind gave way & with some difficulty they were brought back to place." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 26
"
On Mount Independance a good part of this Day. Esqr. Winslow viewd my acct. I bught a Horse for 110 Dollars." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 27
"
Raisd the Hospital N. side & a Store. Dind. with doer. Johnson." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 28
"
a scout Returnd. from Split rock (Lt. Liford) & says that the Enemy was there with two Vessels 7 Gun­boats & about 40 Battoes.            Exspresses wer sent immediately to albany to berkshire & to No. 4 & Capt. Whitcomb down the Lake to watch the motions of the Enemy. began another redout on the high ground N. W. from the fort in ye rear of ye french lines." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 29
"
work at ye Bridge Anchoring of ye Boom & get­ing Logs for it. Laid out a Redout to ye Left between ye old fort & french Lines part of Capt. Whitcombs Scout came in & inform that the Enemy fired yesterday about 80 Cannon, besides a Number of Volleys of Small arms at & near the Split rock." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 30
"
Recd. 9,000 Dollars, paid of my workmen. Had 10 Cannon come from Lake George. Mrs. Tucker kep at our house, came from Skeensboro. at Evning Capt. Whitcom came in & reports that the Enemy was gone back from Split rock down ye Lake." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

May 31
"Rode to the Mills & round to the workmen. in the afternoon to Mt. Independ.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

June 1, 1777
"Rode to the Landing & paying of my workmen. Rote to Genl. Gates. Dind. with the Surgeons on ye Mount.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

June 3
"
Agreed for 20 Brickmakers & 16 masons & 40 Shingle Makers." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

June 4
"paying of my workmen, brickmakers began to work. Lt. Emerson Discharged.
" -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

June 5
"
Rode to the Mills & to ye Landing with Genl. Paterson, Col. Long & Hay." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

June 6
"
Col. Kosiusko came up from Albany." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

June 7
"
Rode over Mount independance. Laid out long lines between the redoubts that I hope will never will be finished as they are Staked now." -- Col. Jeduthan Baldwin†

Sources/Notes:

** THREE CENTURIES IN THE CHAMPLAIN VALLEY: A COLLECTION OF HISTORICAL FACTS AND INCIDENTS- TERCENTENARY EDITION. 1909: Compiled and Edited by Mrs. George Fuller Tuttle. Saranac Chapter, D.A.R. Plattsburgh, NY.
James Hadden. Hadden's Journal and Orderly Books: A Journal Kept in Canada and Upon Burgoyne's Campaign in 1776 and 1777, by Lieut. James M. Hadden, Roy. Art. Edited by Horatio Rogers. (Albany: Joel Munsell's Sons, 1884)
¨
 
William Digby, James Phinney Baxter, "The British Invasion from the North. The Campaigns of Generals Carleton and Burgoyne, from Canada, 1776-1777, with the Journal of Lieut. William Digby, of the 53d, or Shropshire Regiment of Foot, Illustrated with Historical Notes, by James Phinney Baxter, A.M." (Albany, New York: Joel Munsell's Sons 1887)
  Jeduthan Baldwin, "The Revolutionary Journal of Col. Jeduthan Baldwin 1775-1778" (Bangor, Maine: The DeBurians 1906)
1
The Specht Journal: A military Journal of the Burgoyne Campaign. 1995. Translated by Helga Doblin, Edited by Mary C. Lynn. Greenwood Press, Westport, NY, London. 46, 47.
2
Ibid.; 47
3
Ibid.; 47
4
Ralph Nading Hill, "Lake Champlain- Key to Liberty" (Countryman Press, Woodstock, Vermont:  1976, 1995) 110
5
James Phinney Baxter, "The British Invasion from the North. The Campaigns of Generals Carleton and Burgoyne, from Canada, 1776-1777, with the Journal of Lieut. William Digby, of the 53d, or Shropshire Regiment of Foot, Illustrated with Historical Notes, by James Phinney Baxter, A.M." (Albany, New York: Joel Munsell's Sons 1887) [Baxter is here quoting from Burgoyne's A state of the Expedition from Canada. London. 1870.]
Illustrations by Benson J. Lossing and Felix Darley: Benson J. Lossing. THE PICTORIAL FIELD-BOOK OF THE REVOLUTION. VOL. I . New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers. 1850. Courtesy of the Floyd Harwood Collection.
*The reader will note that Hadden made this error often, he is frequently confusing East and West, Up and Down, when referring to the locations on the lake.-jpm

   
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