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Lake Champlain, Lake George, and Richelieu River
By James P. Millard

PART I (ab)-New France and New England:

Queen Anne's War and Grey Lock's War
TIME SPAN 1702-1739

Spelling and punctuation in quotes are as found in the original. Black text with underlines indicates a hyperlink.

Queen Anne's War: 1702-1713

The War of the Spanish Succession in Europe leads to Queen Anne's War in the Colonies.


February 29
300 French and Indians destroy Deerfield, Massachusetts. This force, led by the French commander De Rouville, crosses the formidable Green Mountains by trekking down the Winooski River valley to the Connecticut. The Deerfield Raid results in the killing of 49 villagers and taking of 112 prisoners who are forced to make the grueling trip in the dead of winter back to Canada with their captors.


August 29
Again showing the lengths to which they are willing to go to attack the English settlements, French and Indian war parties attack the settlement of Haverhill in Massachusetts.


Concerned that the wooden fort at the Chambly rapids would not protect against an attack by the British, the French crown embarks up an ambitious project- a formidable stone fortress is finally completed some two years later. This great stone bastion still stands, learn more about it here.

A major British expedition under Colonel Francis Nicholson sets out against French interests. Once again, at Wood Creek the expedition is called off. His army ravaged by Dysentery and Smallpox, Nicholson burns his canoes, and bateaux and heads back to Albany.


In an effort to impress Britain's Iroquois allies, Col. Peter Schuyler takes 5 chiefs to England to meet with Queen Anne.1


Once again a large expeditionary force is organized under Nicholson to attack New France. 2,000 troops set out from Albany. This time the force will travel the Lake George route to avoid the "unhealthy" waters around Dead Creek. Before reaching Lake George, the Army learns that the second prong of the expedition, a naval attack on Quebec by sea, has met disaster. Upon hearing the news, Nicholson abandons the expedition, and returns to Albany, burning Ft. Anne behind him.


April 11
The Treaty of Utrecht brings to an end the War of the Spanish Succession [called Queen Anne's War in North America].

 Greylock's or Dummer's War: 1723-1727

Ft. Dummer is built by the English on the Connecticut River in the area that is now known as Brattleboro. This is largely in response to attacks by Abenaki led by the War chief known as Grey Lock.


Having reverted back to French control, after being briefly settled by British in March of 1690, the small fort at Chimney Point (Pointe a la Chevelure) is rebuilt as a stockade some 100 feet square with bastions at each corner. The fort is called simply a "fort de pieux," or "fort of posts" and is garrisoned by two officers and some thirty enlisted men.


French begin construction of Fort St. Frédéric on Lake Champlain at Crown Point. This more substantial fortress, is located directly opposite the narrow expanse of lake from Chimney Pt. (Pointe a la Chevelure.)

"The Marquis de Beauharnois  reported to the home government that he had taken all necessary measures for the construction of the 'Redoubt, a machicoulis at Crown Point, in Lake Champlain,' having sent workmen thither to be ready to commence operations in the Spring. Meanwhile, he has ordered the Commandant at Crown Point to be on his guard with his garrison of thirty men.--Paris Documents"**


January 21
Ethan Allen, the oldest of six brothers, is born in Litchfield, Conn.


James Trager. The People's Chronology. 1992. New York: Henry Holt. 277


The TIMELINE continues HERE:

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